Abstract：Transportation problem is a special linear programming problem. It is a common optimization problem in political, economic and cultural life, and even in national defense, military and anti-terrorism activities. It has a prominent position in operations research. Has become a hot issue in today's transportation problems, understand and grasp the mathematics of operations, flexible use of mathematical model of linear equation has a key role to solve the problem, reflect the scientific characteristics, reflects the essence of Transportation Transportation Scheme arrangements should be planned reasonably, so as to improve the business income. From the point of view of transportation, it is necessary to optimize the transport structure, fundamentally solve the problems in transportation, and establish a mathematical model to make the original pumping.